The Lord of the Rings Minecraft Mod Wiki

Hello Traveler, I am Jaehaerys, but in the lotr community I might have been known as one of the following; Eldarion (2013-2016), Valaerion (2016-2017), Rhaegar (2017) or Estelon (2018)

Minor note: Eldarion was not an identity, it has a more loose association with me, so it is possible you might mix this name up with several different people that used it as nickname, If you know this name but you are not a player from the Elder Days (Summer 2016 or before) then the association is with another player.

An OG member and veteran server owner of the LOTR MC Mod community, the amazing mod of the developer Mevans, whose mod's community I entered during Public Beta 10 in 2013

This is a mod which I started a long line of public servers for before I called it a day in 2021 and left the community for approx. one and a half year.

The beginning of the Golden Age of Servers was a remarkable thing to experience alongside servers like The One Ring and Isildur's Bane (long before The Official Server took most of the community's attention and playerbase to itself, leaving the other servers to pick up the scraps, leading an emnity to be created against TOS) famed and names with good meanings back then (we shall never forget) but alas such an age was bound to end at some point, which it did post-Phase I, yet we thought renewed days may yet have arrived with Phase II, but this sadly turned out to be a mistake later on, yet we repeated this cycle for quite sometime because we had some good moments too, especially in KOME, AROK and AOK the roleplay was great with our people.

But the attempt to represent a server that inspired freedom (not rules on EVERYTHING, aka servers where a few people dictated how you HAD TO PLAY THE GAME), diversity and a overall good community where discrimination could be eliminated, invites war with those that opposed goodness, compassion, justice, balance and so on; and this led to the beginning of conflicts and clashes, even though we won all external conflicts, our undoing came at the hand of people with malicious intent in our own community, in the end it was all not very motivating to keep servers running like this for much longer.

This was why Reign of Eros was never able to climb the heights that Ages of Arda, Kingdoms of Middle-Earth, A Rise of Kingdoms or Ascension of Kingdoms ever did reach. And after a severe conflict with two of our builders and a backstabbing friend (whom shan't be forgiven until the price is paid/compensation is given for the damage caused) the people began to feel the deterioration of the server quality, until there was nothing left of it pre-ROE-shutdown.

The server had an attempted reboot by Slade, which lasted for several months, until he decided that it was futile, several of our former members have now joined up with Ainu or Arda's Legends, although most have quit the mod altogether, but some might be willing to return when Mevans releases the "official 1.0" version of Renewed, but this might take a while.

Kind regards,

Jaehaerys, Veteran Server Owner.

Notable pages[]

  • List of Servers, because FANDOM had marked me as one of the most prominent editors over the years, this is also probably because I forget edits, so my larger edits get distributed over multiple smaller ones, although in latter years I did succeed in forgetting less of them, resulting into merged larger edits.
  • High-Elves of the West, The Ñoldor are deemed one of the most interesting elven clans due to their history and the large roles played in the Silmarillion and the wars of Arda overall.
  • Dúnedain of Gondor , The southern kingdom of the Númenorean exiles, did not fall into actual ruin unlike it's northern counterpart; but decline and rise was not uncommon for this realm either, Gondor decayed from it's ancient glory up until Aragorn reunited North and South under one banner.
  • Dúnedain of the North ,Remnants of the Kingdom of Arnor; mainly based in select places in Arthedain, Rhudaur and some in the Valley of Imladris.
  • Avari of Dorwinion, Country of W(h)ine. Basically Toussaint but without the vampires. (or is it?)
  • Teleri of the Coast (Falas), The Falathrim and Círdan are some of the most underrated elves of the fandom, they are a sub clan of the Teleri and different from the Sindar of Doriath, in the Third Age their people's mainly inhabit the area around Mithlond (The Grey Havens) under the leadership of Círdan, who kept the haven until he, as last elf (if you exclude Thranduil's Realm, whose elves never left to Valinor except for Legolas with Gimli) built the last boat to leave Middle-Earth and set sail to Aman with Celeborn, taking the memories of the First Age across the Belegaer, away from Middle-Earth,
  • Ñoldor of Himring (Fëanorians), "MUH SILMARILS!" -Some heck random meme. Be he foe or friend, be he foul or clean, brood of Morgoth or bright Vala...
  • Ñoldor of Gondolin (Gondolindrim), The hidden valley; a kingdom right under Melkor's nose (not literal)
  • Ñoldor of Hithlum (Fingolfins), One of the north-western kingdoms of the Ñoldor in Beleriand.
  • Ñoldor of Nargothrond (Finarfins), Nargothrond is something of it's own, most associate elven infrastructure with trees and whatnot, hence why Nargothrond is quite special, being more like something Dwarves would have built.
  • Flamingo, Basically Flamingo's have been a huge meme under me and Valiec (our Flamingo memes were separate but pretty much consisted spam spawning flamingo's in people's bases (no griefing or harm done toward NPCs, units or constructions). The tradition was originally started by Savannah (Sav) who used to spawn a ton of flamingo's on my buildings, a trait I took over after Sav left (During MEK or before)
  • Kebab, Kebab Block and Kebab Stand, Like flamingo's basically a inside joke/meme but more widespread (Mevans spread a heck ton of memes about Kebab on his official Facebook page long before adding kebab to the mod in fact), Kebab memes are usually interacted by with some sort of rivalry with Shoarma and Gyros, examples of such remarks could be; "Remove Gyros!" or "Delete this heresy called Shoarma!"
  • Pingu, A character from a noteworthy child series of the same name. Pingu was not forgotten but remains largely unknown to people who did not experience their childhood in 1995-2005; but he has mostly turned into a large internet meme which allowed Pingu to not be forgotten, Pingu's old episodes are still being aired on children's TV broadcasting, and many YouTube channels have often posted videos of entire Pingu episodes in an archive; Pingu series can be regarded a classic nostalgic piece of TV history at this rate.

Server Project History[]

The history of my server project, with all the servers I ran listed publicly.

Servers which hold a special recognition or status are marked in bold text.

Phase I - Of Elder Days - Sepember 2013 to July 2016[]

  • Keepercraft Official, dubbed KPC - Sep 2013 to Nov 2014 | The foundations were laid here, started off as a vanilla server and joined the LOTR Community network during Public Beta 10, growing slowly until the fellow owner decided to quit, the community partnered up with Tim (GeneralCookie), a friend I found on Immortalis, whom replaced the former owner's spot, and the server was shortly succeeded by Ages of Arda, which was founded with Tim and the newly made staff team.
    • Before Keepercraft Official there was simply Keepercraft, but it is not included in Phase I, because it was simply a 1.6.4 CraftBukkit server during 2012-2013, before it was decided that it should become a server with the Lord of the Rings mod.
  • Ages of Arda: Official, dubbed AOA - December 2014 to December 2015 | The most successful server of the early Elder Days and it's growth was also thanks to the shutdown of Immortalis (Despite that the shutdown of Immortalis came as heavy news to us, as we had played there for a long time as well..) The server was a great success and prospered for a very long time, but at some point an internal conflict started with Viljami Rautakanki, an administrator who attempted a coup against me and succeeded in convincing Tim to revoke my ownership, this greatly angered the community who played there and helped it prosper because of the influence I had in making what the server had become, the idealogy of AOA was mine alone and Viljami would soon realize he started a war he could not hope to win.
    • For a time Viljami feasted upon his victory as his plan succeeded in disowning me from AOA, but would not last for long. Shortly after the coup succeeded and Tim defected to Viljami, they merged with the server Legendary Kingdoms, forming the one server called The Middle-Earth Network, while the merge succeeded, I warned Tim and Viljami that there was a price to pay for betrayal, a debt which was claimed when the community rose up in revolt and declared their support for me, however this effectively resulted into the entire community becoming exiles with me, and Ages of Middle-Earth was founded from this large group of people.
    • A week after AOME was created, The Middle-Earth Network fell into decline due to the lack of players (of which most went with me), and near the end of AOME, victory was claimed against Viljami and Tim who admitted defeat and quit the mod afterward. AOME did not prosper far enough, though as the hosting at the time, MCProHosting, wiped the server after a month, giving another blow to our community.
    • But regardless of this we pressed on and founded Middle-Earth Kingdoms, which quickly rose the power vacuum that Ages of Arda had left, and it's even greater success led to the culminating finale of the Golden Age of Servers, which would end after MEK's internal conflict led to the destruction of the server, ending the first phase, and with that, the first community that I got to know, was scattered and did not unite again, as the beginning of the second phase, brought an entirely different community toward my servers, this is why the first phase is heavily separated from all others, which may have more unity.
    • Despite that we maintained AOA, The Golden Age of Servers was a time where nearly all the people also played on The One Ring and Immortalis, during their good days, despite potentially administering a server themselves. Immortalis faded away after shutdown, resulting in the foundation of Isildur's Bane, which thrived for many years, until it decided to abandon plugins (Cauldron/KCauldron/Thermos) and became a Forge-only server, after which another playerbase migration begun. As for The One Ring, this server thrived for many years as well, but multiple internal conflicts over the years seemed to have changed the server alot (as one should expect), TOR nowadays reflects an image that does not come near to what it once was, except from a server carrying it's namesake. Yet these memories shall be preserved by those who played in the Elder Days, still despite that TOR today is not nowhere the same as the Ancient TOR from the past, does not mean it is effectively a bad server now.
    • AOA is not to be confused with multiple other servers, including; Age of Arda (servers by Laerorndir and SownAthlete), Ascension of Arda, Age of Ascension, and others.
    • The Tim known as GeneralCookie should not be confused with the Tim generally remembered by the mod community, which was in fact, the owner of the Awakening server.
    • The server was hosted in the Netherlands, by DMCH.
  • Ages of Middle-Earth, dubbed AOME - January 2016 to Febuary 2016 | Born out of the people that follow the Exiled team, was short-lived due to MCProHosting terminating our server files, however. AOME survived roughly a month, then we were without server for a while, until we set the foundations for a new idea: MEK
    • AOME is not to be confused with Adventures of Middle-Earth
    • The server was assumed to have been hosted in the East Coast of the United States, by MCProHosting.
  • Middle-Earth Kingdoms: Official, dubbed MEK - Febuary 2016 to July 2016 | Most successful server of the late Elder Days and Phase I but the one with a tragic ending. Concludes Phase I
    • The Golden Age of Servers ended begin 2016 / July 2016, opinions differ on when the "Golden Age" truly ended however.
    • The server was hosted in Canada, in the city of Montreal.
  • Fun fact: Phase I was the longest phase of them all, this was mainly caused by Ages of Arda.

Phase II - Of Days Reborn - October 2016 to November 2017[]

Disclaimer: I do not remember the exact dates of the servers in this phase very well (it's why I marked all the servers as one month lifetime lmao, sorry, I wish I'd remember (big oof for me) Alot of shit happened in this phase and it wasn't exactly effective to store it all in memory.

Of Days Reborn was a name chosen being being intended as a mock name, similar to how we people used to say "the Golden Age" when we referred to a specific timeline in our history ("Black Pages of History" such as slavery). The Days Reborn was one of the most chaotic periods, hence why there are many more renames marking different points of progression versus the phase that came after, a phase with only AOK as server.

  • Kingdoms of Endóre, dubbed KOE - September 2016 to October 2016 | Succeeded by M-E: ROC
  • Middle-Earth: Rise of Conquest, dubbed ROC - October 2016 to November 2016 | Succeeded by KOME
  • Kingdoms of Middle-Earth, dubbed KOME - November 2016 to January 2017 | Growth and expansion, extended version became KOME&B
    • KOME is not to be confused with the former mobile game Hobbit: Kingdoms of Middle-Earth (Hobbit: KoM), although this game was renamed to something Elves & Dwarves years after the third installment of the Hobbit movies was released in cinema worldwide.
  • Kingdoms of Middle-Earth and Beyond, dubbed KOME as well - January 2017 to March 2017 | Succeeded by AROK
  • A Rise of Kingdoms, dubbed AROK - March 2017 to October 2017 (assumed, is probably wrong, don't remember well soz) | Officially ends Phase II
    • Even though there were many renames, the world save created with KOE persisted through the entire Second Phase, and was only wiped (as in the actual world, the builds and stuff were still put in schematics) after the initial startup failure of KOC.
    • It is assumed that the above servers were hosted in one of the following locations; Montreal/Canada, Gravelines/France, Strasbourg/France, London/Great Britain, or Falkenstein/Germany.
  • Kingdoms of Conquest, dubbed KOC - Oct 2017 to Nov 2017 | Retrying but failed attempt, is not officially a part of Phase II as the server concept was never finalized and abandoned prior to launch.

Phase III - Of Faded Splendor - March 2018 to Dec 2018[]

  • Ascension of Kingdoms: Official, dubbed AOK - March 2018 to December 2018 | The only successful and existing server of Phase III, Became the largest achievement since Middle-Earth Kingdoms, but again was marked with the same fate (internal conflict => tragic ending), despite that, the roleplay was more consistent and something remarkable, many good stories were written in this server's timeline which shan't be forgotten so easily.
    • Fun fact: AOK was the first server in the phase where I stopped doing many renames, The reason for the renames was mainly that each rename meant that progress was made after mistakes and/or conflicts, yeah that does mean that the Days Reborn were heck messy, but we learn a lot from those too, so that was alright. as for AOK it was good but later on mainly a big mess, and we learned little of it beside of the great roleplay we had (if not the greatest I'll ever remember)
    • CPU - Intel® Core™ i7-6700K (w/ 4c/8t 4,0Ghz/turbo 4,2Ghz) | RAM - DDR4 2400Mhz | Storage - Enterprise SATA SSD
    • Was hosted in Strasbourg, France, in a datacenter of OVH SAS.

Phase IV - Of A Silent Peace - Oct 2019 to Nov 2019[]

  • Reigning Kingdoms, dubbed RKO - October 2019 to November 2019
    • This phase was private and undisclosed to the public, it was named a Silent Peace because it was a moment of silence between two "storms", namely the third and fifth phase.
    • The server was primarily used for building privately, nothing of note happened on RKO.
    • Was hosted in Strasbourg, France, in a datacenter of OVH SAS.

Phase V - Of The False Spring - March 2020 to February 2021[]

  • Reign of Eros, dubbed ROE - March 2020 to May 2020 | I do not possess much information other than that it was started up by Slade and Aerys somewhat in the middle of March.
    • I joined during the beginning or middle of April, due to the fact they still recognized me for helping in their former servers, they allowed me to make reforms to improve the server which succeeded my goal to better the server, this led to the rebrand of Reforged, indicating a change, these changes became a great success and lasted up until the summer vacation of 2020 (which wasn't really one since we were in the middle of the great pandemic after all), for those wondering, "Of The False Spring", is a reference to A Song of Ice and Fire, in which the Tourney of Harrenhal takes place in 281 A.C. The increase of the temperatures gave the population the idea that spring was upon Westeros, but sometime later winter returned, hence it became known as the Year of the False Spring, I won't need to explain it further.
    • I do not remember whether it was already hosted in Germany or whether it was migrated.
  • Reign of Eros: Reforged, also dubbed ROE - May 2020 to December 2020 | The succession of ROE after it was taken over during the end of April/begin of May as Slade could no longer maintain the server financially and administrative wise. Actually ended in February 2021 but was marked End-of-life end 2020 and was pretty much dead when the extended Christmas vacation hit mid-COVID.
    • Was a success from April to July, then deteriorated after the conclusion of an internal conflict, with growing discontent among the community forced us to banish Owen/FroggIsMe after having called an emergency council with many of the other server owners at the time, but despite having carried out their recommendation, this backfired and marked the beginning of new dark days, and when Quinn/MyrOrion from Elder Days (followed us since Ages of Arda) back-stabbed the remnant role-playing team, the foundations started to crumble, and most of the old friends still present took their leave due to Quinn's actions.
    • In September we tried to start anew and this succeeded during that month and October as a seasoned crew from AncarCraft led by Lord Tankrid joined our server and powered our player-base, several of them joined our building team and made great things, but alas they could not prevent the things set in motion from July, thus we failed to show the full potential of our server to them, and during the end of December the hard choice was made that the server had it's time and should shut down.
    • COVID-19 did not help here as the remnant had no inspiration left and their bitterness from the backstabbing by said person made them leave, and we separated our roads for good. The server was marked as EOL and ceased to exist post shutdown. (With the exception of it's fork, Ambáronë, although it only lasted several months)
    • CPU - AMD Ryzen™ 7 3700X (w/ 8c/16t 3,6Ghz/turbo 4,4Ghz) | RAM - DDR4 ECC 2666Mhz | Storage - M.2 NVMe SSD in RAID-1
    • Was hosted in Falkenstein, Germany in a datacenter of Hetzner Online GmbH.

Phase VI - Of Winter Descending - Unknown to Unknown[]

  • The Ages of Arda Network, dubbed AOA2 - Unknown to Unknown | <Placeholder>
    • Ages of Arda II: Official - Third Age, dubbed AOA2-TA - Unknown to Unknown | <Placeholder>
      • <Placeholder>
      • CPU - AMD Ryzen™ 5 3600 (w/ 6c/12t 3,6/turbo 4,2Ghz) | RAM - 64GB DDR4 ECC 2666Mhz | Storage - 2x 512GB M.2 NVMe SSD in RAID-1 | LUKS - AES-XTS (512-bit key-size) with HMAC-SHA-256 and PBKDF2
      • 4/12 threads (2/6 cores), 16GB of RAM and 100GB of AES-encrypted NVMe storage are allocated to the server.
      • Is hosted in Falkenstein, Germany in a datacenter of Hetzner Online GmbH.
    • Ages of Arda II: Official - First Age, dubbed AOA2-FA - Unknown to Unknown | <Placeholder>
      • <Placeholder>
      • CPU - AMD Ryzen™ 5 3600 (w/ 6c/12t 3,6/turbo 4,2Ghz) | RAM - 64GB DDR4 ECC 2666Mhz | Storage - 2x 512GB M.2 NVMe SSD in RAID-1 | LUKS - AES-XTS (512-bit key-size) with HMAC-SHA-256 and PBKDF2
      • 2/12 threads (1/6 cores), 16GB of RAM and 100GB of AES-encrypted NVMe storage are allocated to the server.
      • Is hosted in Falkenstein, Germany in a datacenter of Hetzner Online GmbH.
  • <Placeholder>

Endorsed Third Party Servers[]

This list originally consisted of servers that were given endorsement, after ROE had been shutdown, it remains maintained for allied and partnered servers at present and for the future.

  • Ambarónë: Official - April 2021 to June 2021
    • A sort of reboot from Reign of Eros by Slade, was brought up due to lacking servers with a freedom gameplay aspect. Is currently public and running.
    • Did not last due to lack of activity from people, Ambarónë shut down after several months, effectively ending the attempted reboot and all affliation of me, Slade and other people to the lotr community.
    • CPU - AMD Ryzen™ 5 3600 (w/ 6c/12t 3,6Ghz/turbo 4,2Ghz) | RAM - DDR4 2400Mhz | Storage - SATA Enterprise SSD in RAID-1
    • Was hosted in Helsinki, Finland, in a datacenter of Hetzner GmbH.
  • Fates of Arda: Official - N/A to N/A
    • A server made by the Exiles from Tales from Beleriand, owned by Molo, managed by him, Sargon, Corso and various other people. Unlike TfB, FoA uses the regular Third Age mod, however. The server is a work in progress and is expected not to release anytime soon. Ask Molo and his team if you wish to know more about their project. It should be noted that the server allows cracked/unofficial clients, so alignment updates and shields/titles appear broken.
    • Fates of Arda led to a failure, the project was shut down, although it never really came to life in the first place.
    • CPU - AMD Ryzen™ 5 3600 (w/ 6c/12t 3,6Ghz/turbo 4,2Ghz) | RAM - DDR4 2400Mhz | Storage - SATA Enterprise SSD in RAID-1
    • Was hosted in Helsinki, Finland, in a datacenter of Hetzner GmbH.

Endorsed projects related to Free Open Source Software, Privacy and Security[]

  • Let's Encrypt is a non-profit certificate authority run by Internet Security Research Group (ISRG) that has provided X.509 certificates for SSL/TLS for over 260 million websites by the time of 2020
    • Let's Encrypt certificates are valid for 90 days, during which renewal can take place at any time. The offer is accompanied by an automated process designed to overcome manual creation, validation, signing, installation, and renewal of certificates for secure websites. The project claims its goal is to make encrypted connections to World Wide Web servers ubiquitous. By eliminating payment, web server configuration, validation email management and certificate renewal tasks, it is meant to significantly lower the complexity of setting up and maintaining TLS encryption.
  • Matrix (sometimes stylized as [matrix]) is an open standard and communication protocol for real-time communication.
    • It aims to make real-time communication work seamlessly between different service providers, in the way that standard Simple Mail Transfer Protocol email currently does for store-and-forward email service, by allowing users with accounts at one communications service provider to communicate with users of a different service provider via online chat, voice over IP, and video telephony. It therefore serves a similar purpose to protocols like XMPP, but is not based on any existing communication protocol.From a technical perspective,
    • it is an application layer communication protocol for federated real-time communication. It provides HTTP APIs and open source reference implementations for securely distributing and persisting messages in JSON format over an open federation of servers. It can integrate with standard web services via WebRTC, facilitating browser-to-browser applications.
    • Element (formerly Riot and Vector) is a free and open-source software instant messaging client implementing the Matrix protocol.
      • Element supports end-to-end encryption, groups and sharing of files between users. It is available as a web application, as desktop apps for all major operating systems and as a mobile app for Android and iOS.
      • Element was originally known as Vector when it was released from beta in 2016. The app was renamed to Riot in September of the same year.
      • In 2016 the first implementation of the Matrix end-to-end encryption was implemented and rolled out as a beta to users. In May 2020, the developers announced enabling end-to-end encryption by default in Riot for new non-public conversations.
      • In April 2019, a new application was released on the Google Play Store in response to cryptographic keys used to sign the Riot Android app being compromised.
      • In July 2020, Riot was renamed to Element.
      • In January 2021, Element was briefly suspended from Google Play Store in response to a report of user-submitted abusive content on Element's default server, Element staff rectified the issue and the app was brought back to the Play Store.
  • WireGuard® is an extremely simple yet fast and modern open-source VPN protocol that utilizes state-of-the-art cryptography. It is fully integrated within the kernel of Linux Distro's
    • WG is a UDP based VPN protocol, as such it is not recommended for usage with restrictive networks and bypassing firewalls.
    • The protocol functions similar to IKEv2/IPsec (Internet Key Exchange v2) in terms of mobility, you can easily swap between WiFi and Cellular networks without losing the VPN connection, this will not work with OpenVPN for instance.
    • WireGuard will not connect if a network blocks UDP (unless you bridge it over a TCP tunnel, which requires a more complex setup)
  • OpenVPN is a virtual private network (VPN) system that implements techniques to create secure point-to-point or site-to-site connections in routed or bridged configurations and remote access facilities.
    • It implements both client and server applications.OpenVPN allows peers to authenticate each other using pre-shared secret keys, certificates or username/password. When used in a multiclient-server configuration, it allows the server to release an authentication certificate for every client, using signatures and certificate authority.
    • It uses the OpenSSL encryption library extensively, as well as the TLS protocol, and contains many security and control features. It uses a custom security protocol that utilizes SSL/TLS for key exchange. It is capable of traversing network address translators (NATs) and firewalls.
    • OpenVPN has been ported and embedded to several systems. For example, DD-WRT has the OpenVPN server function. SoftEther VPN, a multi-protocol VPN server, also has an implementation of OpenVPN protocol.
    • It was written by James Yonan and is free software, released under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 (GPLv2). Additionally, commercial licenses are available.
  • DuckDuckGo (also abbreviated as DDG) is an internet search engine that emphasizes protecting searchers' privacy and avoiding the filter bubble of personalized search results. DuckDuckGo distinguishes itself from other search engines by not profiling its users and by showing all users the same search results for a given search term.
    • The company is based in Paoli, Pennsylvania, in Greater Philadelphia and has 124 employees as of January 2021. The company name is a reference to the children's game duck, duck, goose.
    • DuckDuckGo's TOR V3 address can be found here, it is secured twice with TLS on top of TOR, using a DigiCert EV certificate.
  • Nextcloud is a suite of free and open-source client-server software for creating your own file hosting services on a private server you control. The only limits on storage and bandwidth are the limits on the server provider you choose.
  • Proton Technologies is a Swiss technology company which offers privacy-focused online services. It was founded in 2014 by a group of scientists who met at CERN and created Proton Mail. Proton is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The company's products are Proton Mail, Proton VPN, Proton Calendar and Proton Drive.
    • Proton is located in a safer jurisdiction due to the stricter privacy laws that the country employs, the Swiss courts are also known not to simply answer requests for data from the Fourteen Eyes surveillance group, this makes Proton resistant against hostile laws such as the United States Patriot Act.
    • Proton Mail was launched as beta on 2014-05-16, being initially financed through crowdfunding.
    • Proton VPN was launched in 2017-06, and owns a large amount of servers worldwide as of today, during the rebranding of Proton AG, all Basic servers were repurposed to Plus servers.
    • Proton Calendar was launched on 2019-12-30 and made available for all on 2021-04-14
    • Proton Drive was launched as beta on 2020-11-16. it is only available to paid Proton plans due to beta.
    • SimpleLogin was aquired by Proton on 2022-04.
  • GnuPG, The GNU Privacy Guard is a complete and free implementation of the OpenPGP standard as defined by RFC 4880 (also known as PGP). GnuPG allows you to encrypt and sign your data and communications; it features a versatile key management system, along with access modules for all kinds of public key directories.
    • Since its introduction in 1997, GnuPG is Free Software (meaning that it respects your freedom). It can be freely used, modified and distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License.
  • OpenSSL is a software library for applications that secure communications over computer networks against eavesdropping or need to identify the party at the other end. It is widely used by Internet servers, including the majority of HTTPS websites.
  • VeraCrypt is a source-available freeware utility used for on-the-fly encryption (OTFE). It can create a virtual encrypted disk within a file or encrypt a partition or (in Windows) the entire storage device with pre-boot authentication.
    • The software is a fork of the discontinued TrueCrypt project. It was initially released on 22 June 2013 and produced its latest release (version 1.24) on 6 October 2019. Many security improvements have been implemented and issues raised by TrueCrypt code audits have been fixed. VeraCrypt includes optimized implementations of cryptographic hash functions and ciphers which boost performance on modern CPUs.
  • Freedom of the Press Foundation (FPF) is a non-profit organization founded in 2012 to fund and support free speech and freedom of the press. The organization originally managed crowd-funding campaigns for independent journalistic organizations, but now pursues technical projects to support journalists' digital security and conducts legal advocacy for journalists.
    • The foundation's SecureDrop platform aims to allow confidential and secure communication between journalists and their sources, and has been adopted by more than 65 news organizations globally. It also manages the U.S. Press Freedom Tracker, a database of press freedom violations in the United States.
    • The organization's board of directors has included prominent journalists and whistleblowers such as Daniel Ellsberg, Laura Poitras, Glenn Greenwald, and Xeni Jardin, as well as activists, celebrities, and filmmakers. NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden joined FPF's board of directors in 2014[5] and began serving as its president in early 2016. Jardin left the board in 2016.
    • FPF's TOR V3 address can be found here (warning: no TLS certificate, Man-in-the-middle attack is possible!)
  • Electronic Frontier Foundation, (EFF) is an international non-profit digital rights group based in San Francisco, California. The foundation was formed on 10 July 1990 by John Gilmore, John Perry Barlow and Mitch Kapor to promote Internet civil liberties.
    • The EFF provides funds for legal defense in court, presents amicus curiae briefs, defends individuals and new technologies from what it considers abusive legal threats, works to expose government malfeasance, provides guidance to the government and courts, organizes political action and mass mailings, supports some new technologies which it believes preserve personal freedoms and online civil liberties, maintains a database and web sites of related news and information, monitors and challenges potential legislation that it believes would infringe on personal liberties and fair use and solicits a list of what it considers abusive patents with intentions to defeat those that it considers without merit.
  • Signal is a cross-platform centralized encrypted messaging service developed by the Signal Foundation and Signal Messenger. It uses the Internet to send one-to-one and group messages, which can include files, voice notes, images and videos. It can also be used to make one-to-one and group voice and video calls, and the Android version can optionally function as an SMS app.
    • Signal uses standard cellular telephone numbers as identifiers and secures all communications to other Signal users with end-to-end encryption. The apps include mechanisms by which users can independently verify the identity of their contacts and the integrity of the data channel. Signal's software is free and open-source. Its clients are published under the GPLv3 license, while the server code is published under the AGPLv3 license.
    • The official Android app generally uses the proprietary Google Play Services (installed on most Android devices) for functions such as push notifications. Signal also has an official client app for iOS and a web app on desktops.
    • In past years the amount of downloads from the Google Play Store has increased by an approx. 40 million after WhatsApp published a new notification in-app which required you to agree in order to keep using the application, the agreement would allow Facebook to legally use data within WhatsApp for it's other services and sell it. WhatsApp owner Facebook delayed the change of the terms for another three months as result of the resistance against this (The terms took place May 14th 2021) but Signal and Telegram downloads keep sky rocketing ever since before this change.
  • Riseup is a volunteer-run collective providing secure email, email lists, a VPN service, online chat, and other online services. This organization was launched by activists in Seattle with borrowed equipment and a few users in 1999 or 2000, and quickly grew to millions of accounts.
    • As of 2013, Riseup features 6 million subscribers spread across 14,000 lists. Their projects have included the Stop Watching Us campaign against global surveillance disclosures revealed by Edward Snowden.
    • Riseup provides products to facilitate secure communications, including use of strong encryption, anonymizing services, and minimal data retention, which aimed at individuals and non-profit and activist groups. Riseup's two most popular features are secure, privacy-focused email and mailing list management services.
    • The email service is available through IMAP, POP3, and a web interface. The web interface is a variant of Roundcube or SquirrelMail.
    • Riseup VPN does not log the user's IP address, unlike most other VPNs. In 2012, discussing an attack against a Microsoft-developed authentication scheme that makes it trivial to break the encryption used by hundreds of anonymity and security services, Moxie Marlinspike, who unveiled the attack, said VPN services offered by, for example, selected a 21-character password on behalf of the user that used a combination of 96 different numbers, symbols, and upper- and lower-case letters to withstand such attacks.
    • Riseup's website can be accessed by it's V3 onion address as well in TOR browser (warning: no TLS certificate, MITM attack is possible!)
  • The Coalition for App Fairness (CAF) is a coalition comprised by companies who aim to reach a fairer deal for the inclusion of their apps into the Apple App Store or the Google Play Store. The organization is seated in Washington, D.C.The Coalition for App Fairness (CAF) is a coalition comprised by companies who aim the reach a fairer deal for the inclusion of their apps into the Apple App Store or the Google Play Store. The organization is seated in Washington, D.C.
    • On 24 September 2020, Epic Games joined forces with thirteen other prominent companies like the music streaming platform Spotify, Match Group who owns the online dating app Tinder, the encrypted mail service ProtonMail and the crypto currency website Blockchain amongst others to establish the Coalition for App Fairness.
    • The coalition criticizes the fact that for now the app stores of both Apple and Google charge their clients a 30% fee on any purchases made over their stores. Apple and Google defended themselves by arguing that the 30% transaction fee is a standard in the industry while the Coalition for App Fairness states that there is no other transaction fee which is even close to the 30%.
    • In October 2020, it was reported that the coalition grew from 13 to 40 members since its foundation and received more than 400 applications for membership.
  • The Onion Router (TOR) is free and open-source software for enabling anonymous communication by directing Internet traffic through a free, worldwide, volunteer overlay network consisting of more than seven thousand relays in order to conceal a user's location and usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis. Using Tor makes it more difficult to trace the Internet activity to the user: this includes "visits to Web sites, online posts, instant messages, and other communication forms". Tor's intended use is to protect the personal privacy of its users, as well as their freedom and ability to conduct confidential communication by keeping their Internet activities unmonitored.

Miscellaneous things[]

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